Cretan Dwarf Hippopotamusis: an extinct species of hippopotamus which lived on the island of Crete. Hippopopotamus colonised Crete probably 800,000 years ago and lived there during the Middle Pleistocene.Two subspecies have been named: Hippopotamus creutzburgi creutzburgi and the smaller Hippopotamus creutzburgi parvus.
Rosewood (Dalbergia andapensis): a species of rosewood, a highly valued timber sed in the production of fine furniture and musical instruments. It is estimated that 52,000 tonnes of rosewood and ebony were logged in north-east Madagascar in 2009, and this habitat is itself under threat from conversion to agriculture for a growing rural population.
Koro: a possibly Tibeto-Burman language spoken by approximately 800–1,200 people in the East Kameng district at the western end of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Few speakers are under 20 years old. The people live among the Aka (Hruso), but their language is only distantly related, with distinct words for numerals, body parts, and other basic vocabulary.
What do they have in common? They are THREATENED.
Except for the extinction of animals and plants, humanity is facing another threat; the loss of languages. Experts estimate that only 50% of the languages that are alive today will be spoken by the year 2100.
The disappearance of a language means the loss of valuable scientific and cultural information, comparable to the loss of a species.
For this reason, Google has lanched a new project called “Endangered Languages Project”, on June 21.
“Funded by Google’s philanthropic arm, the project was launched with the help of experts from the University of Hawaii, Eastern Michigan University, and more than two dozen other indigenous language and culture organisations. They’ve classified the languages as either “vitality unknown,” “at risk,” “endangered,” or “severely endangered.” (Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty)
Read more about the “Endangered Languages Project”